A state-of-the-art crematorium – Csömör Graveyard and Crematorium
Despite the fact that cremation of the deceased has been practised since ancient times, many people still shudder when they hear the word “crematorium” and prefer traditional in-ground burial. Cremation and its technology are still subject to prejudices. In order to refute erroneous theories and myths created by people, we try to present in detail the operation of a cutting-edge crematorium that meets the requirements of the 21st century.
What are surviving relatives supposed to do after a death?
What happens to the deceased?
Like any other services, cremation needs to be ordered. To place an order, a death certificate needs to be presented, which is issued by the hospital’s pathology department in case of death in a hospital, or where the body was transported to a hospital, or by the physician who established the death, where a person passed away in their home. If a client requests the Institute to assist them in the preparation of the death certificate, additional documents will be required, e.g. ID card, official address card, birth certificate, proof of marital status. The required documents may vary from case to case. For detailed information, please see the menu item “Things to do – Documents” (link to 2.1 Documents).
The deceased is usually transported from the hospital on the second working day after the order date. The transportation company’s staff identifies the deceased in the hospital on the basis of the available documents and based on the 2 tags placed on the body. Should they detect any discrepancies in the data, they will immediately report it. The condition for removal of a corpse is perfect identifiability.
After delivery to the crematorium, the body will be identified one more time at the facility. If all the identifiers were found to be in order, the data will be entered in a record book and the deceased will be put in a refrigeration unit.
Subsequently, the documents will be forwarded to the administration department. Here, another round of identification is performed, and all the necessary documents are checked.
A body will only be cremated if all the necessary documents as well as the ordered accessories, urn and shroud are available. Usually, all bodies are cremated within one week after arrival. In urgent cases, we will take the necessary actions within a day or two, but it is also possible for clients to receive the remains of their loved ones within 2 hours after the funeral ceremony.
Tribute and cremation
The Csömör Crematorium of BTI Zrt. provides the possibility of funeral visitation in a viewing room which can accommodate up to 40-50 people, and close relatives of the deceased, accompanied by our staff personally, may come to see the deceased directly before cremation in a room which can accommodate up to 4-5 people. The grieving family has 10-15 minutes to say goodbye to their loved one.
The entire design of this approx. 20-square metre viewing room evokes impermanence, such as the dark drapery covering the walls, the interrupted pendulum or the covered mirror. The Bible, many candles and oil lamps, and the quiet funeral music coming from behind the folding screen create the right atmosphere for a small-scale and intimate funeral ceremony.
After viewing the deceased and saying goodbye to them, relatives can choose from several options. They even have the possibility to view how the body is placed into the cremation chamber, however, only a few people want to.
Scheduling a date and time for cremation
The Budapest Funeral Institute provides the possibility to cremate the deceased at a time agreed in advance with the relatives. This allows relatives to light a candle at their home, say goodbye to their loved one and think about them while the cremation is taking place.
Further details are available here.
After the transportation and refrigeration phases, cremation begins. Furnaces were designed to accommodate only one body at a time. The computer control system only allows the opening of the door of a cremation chamber if the cremation number of the deceased has been entered, which provides additional security. Placement into and removal from the cremation chamber are not only recorded in the computer, but also in a dedicated book. The sequence of the technological steps precludes the possibility of a body exchange. A metal log containing the identification data of the deceased is placed in the cremation casket. This log is later transferred to the urn insert containing the remains, so that the ashes can be clearly identified subsequently. Cremation lasts 60-70 minutes on average. The temperature in the cremation chamber is about 700-800 degrees Celsius when the body is placed inside. Air supply is regulated by an automatic sensor, but the operators can intervene in the process manually, if necessary. The temperature can rise up to 1100 degrees Celsius. After completion of the cremation process, ashes are transferred from the furnace into a dedicated container and let cool for 20 minutes. After cooling, this container is placed in a pulverising machine, where ashes are pulverised to approx. 4 mm3. From the pulverising machine, ashes are transferred to an urn insert, which is furnished with identifiers (name of the deceased, cremation number, date of cremation, identification letter of the crematorium) before the ashes are placed in it.
The top and bottom of the urn insert are welded and sealed. The urn insert is placed into the urn.
Why is pulverisation necessary?
Some identifiable bones fragments are left after the completion of the cremation, and thus pulverisation – processing to granulated particles – is necessary in order to be able to give all remains of the deceased to the relatives. The Csömör Graveyard offers the possibility to place urns in urn graves, vaults and niches, but they also undertake the organisation of ash scattering ceremonies. Upon individual request, remains can be placed into River Danube from a special boat.
How are urns transported to the cemetery?
After completion of the entire cremation process, the urn insert is placed into the ornamental urn selected at the time when the order was placed. The front side of the adhesive cremation label is attached to the bottom of the ornamental urn, while the back is inserted between the urn and the urn insert. After that, the urn is sealed. Urns are placed on the shelves of the urn storage room grouped by cemetery, from where – after identification – they are transported to the cemeteries in BTI Zrt.’s own vehicles.
A “Memorial Sheet” is generated for each cremation and provided to the relatives after completion of the funeral (transfer of the urn to relatives), confirming that the cremation has taken place. This document contains the name of the deceased, the cremation number, as well as date and time of the cremation.